Kerala is governed by a parliamentary system of representative democracy. The residents of Kerala are given all the rights such as the right to vote. The three branches of government present are the unicameral legislature, the Kerala Legislative Assembly and special office bearers. The special office bearers are the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker. The Legislative Assembly consists of elected members and the special office bearers are elected by the members among themselves. It is the Speaker who held the Assembly meetings and in his absence it is conducted by the Deputy Speaker. There are 140 Assembly constituencies in our state. Out of the members of Lok Sabha, 20 is from Kerala. Similarly 9 members from Kerala are sent to the Rajya Sabha.
The constitutional head of Kerala is the Governor. He is appointed by the President of India. The executive authority Chief Minister of Kerala. He is the head of the state and is given all the powers to execute any function. The Governor appoints the Legislative Assembly’s majority party leader as the Chief Minister. It is the Governor itself with the advice of Chief Minister who decides The Council of Ministers.
Kerala judiciary includes the Kerala High Court comprising a Chief Justice together with 28 justices and many lower courts. Out of the 28 justices, 26 are permanent and two are additional justices. The High Court is the highest court of Kerala. Cases from the Union Territory of Lakshadweep are also carried out here. The local matters and affairs are carried out by what are called as the Panchayat. Local body elections are held regularly for these authorities.
The state government’s tax revenues is amounted to 174,034 million INR in 2009, up from 136,689 million in 2007. Kerala’s non-tax revenues reached 17,803 million INR in 2009, from 12,095 million INR in 2007.