Kozhikode district has people belonging to Hinduism, Christianity and Islam living together in communal harmony. There are many pilgrim centers in this district for the people of each religious community. Some of the main temples in Kozhikode are Tali Temple, Lokanarkavu Temple, Valayanadu Devi Kshetram, Pisharikkavu Temple etc. The only Parsi temple in Kerala is in Kozhikode called as Parsi Anju Amman Temple. Some of the important mosques in Malabar area are in Kozhikode which includes Jama palli, Mishkal Masjid, Muchundipalli etc. The main churches here are St Mary’s Church, Mother of God Cathedral etc.
Temples in Kozhikode
Tali Siva temple is an ancient and largest temple in Kozhikode. The deity here is Lord Siva and the Sivalingam in this temple was believed to be worshipped by Parasurama. The sub deities in this temple include Lord Ayyappa, Nagaraja, Ganapathy, Bhagavathy etc. The temple is constructed in traditional Kerala style of architecture. The walls of the sanctum sanctorum are decorated with beautiful mural paintings. This temple dates back during the period of the Zamorins and at those times it was at this temple that the annual seminar called the Revathy Pattathanam was conducted where famous philosophers from far places come to participate in this function. It was conducted on the Revathy star of Malayalam month Thulam and lasts for a week. The annual festival of this temple is held in the Malayalam New Year and it lasts for a week.
To take the panoramic view of Tali Siva temple,follow the link:-http://p4panorama.com/panos/thalitemple/index.html
Lokanarkavu temple is located in Vadakara and is believed to be around 1500 years old. The deity is Goddess Durga and the sub deities include Lord Vishnu and Lord Siva. This temple is associated with many legendary heroes of the Vadakkanpattu. The annual festival of this temple is Mandala Utsavam which lasts for 41 days. The art form called Poorakkali is performed here during festivals and is the only temple where this art is performed. Another important festival conducted here is the Pooram festival which is a weeklong festival.
Valayanadu Devi Kshetram
This temple is located in Govindapuram in Calicut. It is a popular Devi temple dedicated to Goddess Parvathy. The sub deities of this temple are Siva, Bhagavathy, Ayyappa and Ganapathy. This temple was constructed by the Zamorins and the architecture of the temple is beautiful. Valayanadu Devi temple has some distinct features and is different from the rest of the Devi temples. This temple is a Saktheya temple and here the daily Poojas are performed according to Rurujit worship. The deity in this temple is from Kashmir and is called as Chandika and the priests here Moosads who perform the worship in Kashmiri style. There is also a Saptha school of Architecture in this temple. The annual festival of this temple is held in the Karthika day of the Malayalam month Makaram and lasts for a week.
Parsi Anju Amman Temple
Parsi Anju Amman Temple or Parsi Anju Amman Baug is a Fire Temple which is around 200 years old. This temple was constructed in 18th century by the Parsis who had settled here. It is the only Parsi temple in Kerala. It is located in SM Street and is associated with the Parsis. The architectureof this temple is in traditional Kerala style. Only Parsis are allowed inside the temple.
This is a Bhagavathy temple located in a place called Kollam in Kozhikode district. This temple has two shrines one of Lord Siva and another for Goddess Devi. It is an old temple with beautifully carved and decorated with mural paintings. According to the legend this temple was constructed by the Vaisya community who had migrated from Kollam district. They were traders who initially constructed a temple there and worshipped a sword as the idol. It was presented to a devotee by Sri Porkali Devi. The Goddess’s power bought prosperity to the community as a result of which they changed their attitude. They decided to challenge even their King who then expelled them from his territory. The Vaisya community then migrated to Quilandy in Kozhikode district and built a temple and installed the same idol. They then named the place as Kollam in memory of that place. The annual festival of this temple is held in the Malayalam month Medam. The temple arts that are performed during the festival include Thayambaka, pachavadyam, padhakom, Ottanthullal, Chakyarkoothu etc.
Panniyankara Bhagavati Temple
This Bhagavaty temple is an ancient temple near Kallayi River. The structure of the temple is of the typical Chera period with a square garbhagriha. Recently two granite slabs were found that dates back to the 10-11th century. It has inscriptions on it in old Malayalam language called as Vattezhuthu
Mannur Maha Siva temple or Mannur temple is located at a distance of 12 kms from Kozhikode city. This temple is one of the 108 important temples in Kerala. This temple is believed to be built by Parasurama. The original age of this temple is not known. The laterite structure built in Gajaprathishta style is very attractive and is around 2 centuries old. The Lord here is in the form of Aghoramoorthy which is the angry form of Lord Siva. The sub deities include Parvathy, Dakshinamoorthy and Vinayaka. There is also a Vishnu temple and Sastha temple in the temple complex. The noon poojas conducted here are considered as more important that the other poojas. The main festivals celebrated here include Thiruvathira and Sivarathri.
Ponmeri temple is a Siva temple located in Vadakara. The Lord here is popularly called as Thiyyannur Appa. This temple was constructed by the Kadathanad rulers long ago. One of the main features of this temple is that the Thrimoorthies –Brahma, Vishnu and Siva are present here. The other sub deities here are Ganapathy, Ayyappa, Bhagavathy, Subrahmaniyam, Adithya etc. In this temple there are beautiful paintings of the Palazhimathanam which is the churning of milk from ocean depicted from the Puranas.
Varakkal Devi Temple
This Devi temple is located in West Hill and is believed to be the 108th and last Devi temple that was constructed by Parasurama. The main deity is Goddess Durga and sub deities include Ganapathy and Dakshinamurthy. At present this temple is managed by the Zamorin family. The main ritual performed here is the Vavu Bali which is the ritual of performing the last rites to the departed ancestors. The main festival celebrated here is the Navarathri.
This temple is located in Kozhikode city and was installed by Sree Narayana Guru in 1910. This is a Siva temple and this temple is also called as Puthiyambalam. The idol is Sivalinga and the Lord is considered in the form of Dakshinamoorthy. The sub deities here are Ganapathy, Subrahmaniyan, Dharma Sastha, Bhagavathy, Vishnu etc. On the 1st and 15th of every Malayalam month, Ganapathy Homam and Sree Bootha Bali is conducted.
Vengeri Sree Subrahmanya Swami Temple
This temple also called as Vengeri temple is said to be more than 1000 years old. It is believed that this temple was constructed by some Brahmins who were travelling with a Subrahmanya idol in search of a holy place for its installation. The important days observed in this temple are Thaipuyam and Shasti.
Some other main temples in Kozhikode are
Pongathur Temple, Thiruvannur Siva Temple, Bilathikulam Shiva Temple, Sree Muthappan Kavu temple, Kuttiyattu Paradevada Temple etc.
Churches in Kozhikode
Mother of God Cathedral
A chapel that was dedicated to Mother of God was first erected by the Portuguese in Calicut based on a treaty signed by them with the Zamorins in 1513. There was a stone cross kept inside the chapel which was later installed in the Holy Cross chapel and was worshipped by thousands of devotees. The Zamorins then constructed a church in 1599 at their own expense. According to a new treaty the Zamorins erected the Mother of God church in 1725. The present church was built in 1942. Matre de Deo’s Church or the Mother of God church is built in Roman architecture and one of the main attractions of this church is the portrait of St Mary which is around 200 years old. This church was locally called as the Parangi Palli.
To take the panoramic view of Mother of God Cathedral, follow the link:-http://p4panorama.com/panos/calicutcathedral/index.html
St Mary’s Church
St Mary’s church which is also called as English Church is situated in Nadakkavu. It was constructed by the British in the year 1860 and was also renovated several times later on. This church was built for the Christians in collectorate and also in the military. There is a cemetery near to the church.
CSi church was constructed in 1842 and is the largest Basel Mission church in Malabar area. The church is built in European and Kerala style architecture and is located in the heart of the Kozhikode city. There are 3 tiered turrets at the top of the entrance porch of the church, a main hall and many rooms with tiled roofs.
Santa Cruz Chapel (Kurushupally)
To take the panoramic view of Santa Cruz Chapel, follow the link:-http://p4panorama.com/panos/kurisupally/index.html
Some other churches in Kozhikode are
Little Flower Church at Mananthavady, Holy Redeemer Church, St Joseph’s Church, Santa Cruz Chapel etc.
Mosques in Kozhikode
Kozhikode Juma Masjid which is locally called as Jama palli is a famous mosque in Kozhikode which dates back to the 14th century. This mosque is located in Kuttichira. It is a huge mosque and can accommodate around 1000 worshippers at a time. This mosque is also said to have the largest floor area among the mosques in Kerala. The mosque is built in traditional Kerala style architecture and the ceilings have beautiful wooden carvings. There are carvings on the ceilings and walls done with sacred Arabic texts.
Mishkal Masjid is located in Kuttichira and is an old mosque in Calicut. It was built around 700 years ago and is also called as Mithqal palli. It was constructed by an Arab merchant Nakhooda Mishkal and the mosque was named after him. In the year 1510, some portion of this mosque was burnt by the Portuguese. The damage made due to that can be still seen in the top floors of this mosque. Earlier the mosque was 5 storied and it was renovated after the damage and at present it is 4 storied.
This is the oldest mosque in Calicut built in the 13th century. There is a stone slab inside the mosque which is inscribed in Vattezhuthu script as well as in Arabic depicting the story of the Zamorin King of the area. The architecture of the mosque is beautiful with wooden carved ceilings, decorated double tiled roofs etc.
Some other mosques in Kozhikode are
Njarathadam Juma Masjid, Maccunti Mosque at Kuttichira, Athiyodi Muslim Palli, Mahalle Juma Masjid etc.