The Kerala Police has various branches. The local police stations are the general executive branch police wing. The crime branch wing deals with the various crimes. It includes sensational crimes as well as those which occur in every districts. The Special Branch wing is the intelligence wing of the state police. It deals with terrorism and anti-national activities. The latter two branches do not have a uniform clothing.
The riot control wing has two units. They are The Armed Police Battalions and the Armed Reserve units. The riot control unit works mainly for dispersing the riots. They do this by using water dispensing unit called Varun. The other techniques used are the usage of grenades like tear gas shell, dyemarker, etc. The police use batons which are made of fibre and cane.
The recruits get trained from the Armed Police Battalions. Here they have to undergo training for nine months. The recruits after servicing for a period, gets transferred to the Armed Reserve Unit. He is then transferred to the local police station. The constable has the option to select whether to stay in the Armed Reserve or Armed Police Battalions. He gets promoted quickly in such cases but he will not get the opportunity to work in any local police station.
The Sub Inspectors are recruited directly. A small number are also promoted from their ranks. They are the General Executive Branch Officers. The Sub inspectors get their training from the Police Academy and gets appointed in various police stations. They then gets promoted to higher ranks and become Inspector, Deputy Superintendent or a Superintendent depending upon their performance on the service records.
The Police Outpost is the lower post police unit. It is under the control or command of the Head Constable or Assistant Sub Inspector. Next comes the police station which is under the command of a Sub Inspector. If needed they are assisted by an Additional Sub Inspector. A Police Circle consists of two or more police stations. It is under the command of a Circle Inspector. One or more circle form a Police Sub division. It is under the command of a Deputy Superintendent of Police. They are designated as Assistant Superintendent of Police in case of IPS officers. A group of sub divisions constitute a police district under the control of a District Superintendent. Next comes Police Ranges and Zones. The higher posts of the Police Force are controlled by the Officers from the Indian Police Service (IPS). An inspector can form a Crime Squad consisting of at least 15 constables. They do not require a uniform. They work in mufti to check pick pocketing, drug trafficking, prostitution etc.